National Bridge Inventory: Maine
- Of the 2,505 bridges in the state, 355, or 14.2 percent, are classified as structurally deficient. This means one of the key elements is in poor or worse condition.
- This is up from 325 bridges classified as structurally deficient in 2018.
- The deck area of structurally deficient bridges accounts for 10.3 percent of total deck area on all structures.
- 28 of the structurally deficient bridges are on the Interstate Highway System. A total of 85.9 percent of the structurally deficient bridges are not on the National Highway System, which includes the Interstate and other key roads linking major airports, ports, rail and truck terminals.
- 134 bridges are posted for load, which may restrict the size and weight of vehicles crossing the structure.
- The state has identified needed repairs on 375 bridges at an estimated cost of $379.3 million.
- This compares to 345 bridges that needed work in 2018.
|County||Year Built||Daily Crossings||Type of Bridge||Location|
|Cumberland||1959||27,320||Urban Interstate||I-295 Northbound over Route 88|
|Cumberland||1959||27,080||Urban Interstate||I 295 Southbound over Route 88|
|Cumberland||1961||27,010||Urban Interstate||I 295 over Veranda St & US 1|
|Penobscot||1960||25,340||Urban Interstate||I-95 over Route 15|
|Penobscot||1960||25,150||Urban Interstate||I-95 Southbound over Stillwater Avenue|
|Penobscot||1960||25,120||Urban Interstate||I95 Northbound over Stillwater Avenue|
|Cumberland||1959||24,130||Urban Interstate||I 295 Northbound over Route US 1|
|Cumberland||1989||24,013||Urban other principal arterial||Routes 9 & 22 over Stroudwater River|
|Cumberland||1959||23,700||Urban Interstate||I 295 Southbound over Route US 1|
|Androscoggin||1975||19,242||Urban other principal arterial||Main St over pedestrian walkway|
|Sagadahoc||1933||18,940||Rural arterial||US Route 1 over M C RR & A Marsh|
|Cumberland||1931||16,790||Urban minor arterial||US 201 over Androscoggin River|
|Penobscot||1952||16,728||Urban minor arterial||Stilwater Ave. over N Chan Stillwater River|
|Penobscot||1952||16,728||Urban minor arterial||Stilwater Ave. over S Chan Stillwater River|
|Cumberland||1957||16,596||Rural major collector||Routes 125 & 136 over Interstate 295|
|Kennebec||1959||15,250||Rural Interstate||I-95 Southbound over Webb Road|
|Kennebec||1959||15,150||Rural Interstate||Interstate 95 NB over Webb Road|
|York||1958||14,260||Urban minor arterial||Route 4 over Mousam River|
|Penobscot||1961||13,100||Rural Interstate||I 95 SB over Souadabscook Stream|
|Penobscot||1962||13,100||Rural Interstate||I-95 Southbound over B&A RR & Emerson Mill Rd|
|Penobscot||1961||13,100||Rural Interstate||I-95 SB over Souadabscook Stream|
|Cumberland||1936||12,879||Urban collector||Route US 1 over M C RR|
|Cumberland||1960||12,430||Urban minor arterial||Bucknam Rd over I295 SB|
|Cumberland||1916||11,740||Urban minor arterial||Spring Street over Stroudwater River|
|Oxford||1929||11,655||Rural minor arterial||Main St (Rtes 117 over Tannery (Bird) Brook|
|Type of Bridge||Number of Bridges||Area of All Bridges
|Daily Crossings on All Bridges||Number of Structurally Deficient Bridges||Area of Structurally Deficient Bridges
|Daily Crossings on Structurally Deficient Bridges|
|Rural minor arterial||186||100,295||1,045,809||28||9,453||149,020|
|Rural major collector||473||175,608||1,075,347||69||25,870||157,411|
|Rural minor collector||266||73,342||325,998||28||7,491||29,429|
|Rural local road||771||132,055||360,237||137||14,392||45,948|
|Urban other principal arterial||52||86,495||732,333||7||3,762||83,540|
|Urban minor arterial||83||138,897||927,789||14||18,097||161,140|
|Urban local road||83||24,013||115,559||14||5,057||13,667|
|Type of Work||Number of Bridges||Cost to Repair
|Daily Crossings||Area of Bridges
|Widening & rehabilitation||1||$1||799||480|
|Other structural work||2||$1||255||253|
About the data:
Data and cost estimates are from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), downloaded on February 1, 2023. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections.
Effective January 1, 2018, FHWA changed the definition of structurally deficient as part of the final rule on highway and bridge performance measures, published May 20, 2017 pursuant to the 2012 federal aid highway bill Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). Two measures that were previously used to classify bridges as structurally deficient are no longer used. This includes bridges where the overall structural evaluation was rated in poor or worse condition, or where the adequacy of waterway openings was insufficient.
The new definition limits the classification to bridges where one of the key structural elements—the deck, superstructure, substructure or culverts, are rated in poor or worse condition. During inspection, the conditions of a variety of bridge elements are rated on a scale of 0 (failed condition) to 9 (excellent condition). A rating of 4 is considered “poor” condition.
Cost estimates have been derived by ARTBA, based on 2021 average bridge replacement costs for structures on and off the National Highway System, published by FHWA. Bridge rehabilitation costs are estimated to be 68 percent of replacement costs. A bridge is considered to need repair if the structure has identified repairs as part of the NBI, a repair cost estimate is supplied by the bridge owner or the bridge is classified as structurally deficient. Please note that for a few states, the number of bridges needing to be repaired can vary significantly from year to year, and reflects the data entered by the state.
Bridges are classified by FHWA into types based on the functional classification of the roadway on the bridge. Interstates comprise routes officially designated by the Secretary of Transportation. Other principal arterials serve major centers of urban areas or provide mobility through rural areas. Freeways and expressways have directional lanes generally separated by a physical barrier, and access/egress points generally limited to on- and off-ramps. Minor arterials serve smaller areas and are used for trips of moderate length. Collectors funnel traffic from local roads to the arterial network; major collectors have higher speed limits and traffic volumes and are longer in length and spaced at greater intervals, while minor collectors are shorter and provide service to smaller communities. Local roads do not carry through traffic and are intended for short distance travel.
Compared to 7 in 2021
in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridges
|1. West Virginia||20.0%|
|4. Rhode Island||17.0%|
Compared to 36 in 2021
in the nation in # of structurally deficient bridges
|36. Puerto Rico||312|
Compared to 8 in 2021
in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridge deck area
|1. Rhode Island||17.0%|
|5. New York||11.0%|