National Bridge Inventory: Virginia



  • Of the 13,931 bridges in the state, 646, or 4.6 percent, are classified as structurally deficient. This means one of the key elements is in poor or worse condition.
  • This is down from 1,033 bridges classified as structurally deficient in 2014.
  • 28 of the structurally deficient bridges are on the Interstate Highway System.
  • 1,008 bridges are posted for load, which may restrict the size and weight of vehicles crossing the structure.
  • The state has identified needed repairs on 6,555 bridges at an estimated cost of $8.3 billion.
  • This compares to 6,735 bridges that needed work in 2014.

County Year Built Daily Crossings Type of Bridge Location
Chesterfield 1958 96,904 Urban Interstate I-95 over Rte 608 (Reymet Rd)
Arlington 1965 96,888 Urban Interstate Custis Mem. Hwy. over Rmps B & F
Alexandria 1973 81,495 Urban Interstate NBL Route 0395 over & Rmp F O Four Mile Run
Henrico 1974 75,803 Urban Interstate Route 0195 over Rte 197 & CSX Transp. RR
Stafford 1963 72,560 Urban Interstate NBL Rte. I-95 over Rte. 17
Stafford 1963 70,840 Urban Interstate SBl Rte. I-95 over Rte. 17
Alexandria 1969 61,556 Urban other principal arterial Duke Street over Route I-395
Accomack 1932 60,300 Urban local road Memorial Avenue over Gwmp (NB) & Potomac Rive
Charlottesville 1970 59,708 Urban other principal arterial Route 0250 over Rte 29 Business
Fairfax 1980 53,543 Urban other principal arterial Centreville Road over Bull Run
Virginia Beach 1967 53,360 Urban Interstate IS 264 over First Colonial Road
Alexandria 1970 46,999 Urban other principal arterial King Street over Route I-395, Ramps C&G
Hampton 1957 42,308 Urban Interstate IS 64 WBL S Appr over Hampton Roads
Frederick 1964 41,358 Urban other principal arterial Millwood Pike over I-81
Lynchburg 1959 39,000 Urban minor arterial Candlers Mtn Rd over Route 29 Business
Newport News 1960 38,042 Urban other principal arterial Fort Eustis Blvd. over N.N. Resevoir
Charlottesville 1954 33,712 Urban freeway/expressway Route 250 Bypass over Norfolk Southern Railway
Charlottesville 1970 33,712 Urban freeway/expressway Route 0250 over Rugby Ave
Fairfax 1947 29,950 Urban other principal arterial Leesburg Pike WB over Sugarland Run
Fredericksburg 1945 29,010 Urban other principal arterial Jeff. Davis Bypass over Old Rappahannock Canal
Virginia Beach 1938 28,936 Urban other principal arterial Laskin Road over Linkhorn Bay
Roanoke 1947 28,841 Rural arterial Franklin Rd/Rte220 over Back Creek
Newport News 1965 28,521 Urban minor arterial Denbigh Blvd over IS 64 & CSX Railroad
New Kent 1972 27,427 Rural Interstate EBl I-64 over Beaverdam Creek
Arlington 1959 27,400 Urban other principal arterial Gwmp over Windy Run
Type of Bridge Number of Bridges Area of All Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on All Bridges Number of Structurally Deficient Bridges Area of Structurally Deficient Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on Structurally Deficient Bridges
Rural Interstate 880 926,363 22,658,839 14 17,768 264,465
Rural arterial 774 1,306,699 6,459,414 27 49,396 205,720
Rural minor arterial 898 587,513 3,889,568 41 22,759 190,342
Rural major collector 1,653 573,663 2,677,145 78 27,125 136,104
Rural minor collector 1,077 252,394 705,424 40 7,403 22,733
Rural local road 4,400 752,063 1,925,539 268 31,586 64,905
Urban Interstate 862 1,969,740 40,477,858 14 62,831 699,744
Urban freeway/expressway 427 709,035 10,039,362 4 2,863 111,836
Urban other principal arterial 751 1,428,021 16,783,012 46 83,942 986,712
Urban minor arterial 1,301 1,117,267 13,774,798 73 72,531 579,782
Urban collector 423 234,947 1,979,416 26 15,885 68,008
Urban local road 485 267,930 1,963,007 15 24,726 91,251
Total 13,931 10,125,635 123,333,382 646 418,815 3,421,602
Type of Work Number of Bridges Cost to Repair
(in millions)
Daily Crossings Area of Bridges
(sq. meters)
Bridge replacement 1,789 $3,445 9,798,220 1,197,051
Widening & rehabilitation 509 $1,181 4,955,727 680,212
Rehabilitation 3,059 $2,835 39,588,683 2,058,793
Deck rehabilitation/replacement 72 $121 1,272,299 89,389
Other structural work 1,126 $726 8,023,505 683,351
Total 6,555 $8,309 63,638,434 4,708,796

About the data:

Data from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), released March 15, 2019. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections.

Effective January 1, 2018, FHWA changed the definition of structurally deficient as part of the final rule on highway and bridge performance measures, published May 20, 2017 pursuant to the 2012 federal aid highway bill Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). Two measures that were previously used to classify bridges as structurally deficient are no longer used. This includes bridges where the overall structural evaluation was rated in poor or worse condition, or where the adequacy of waterway openings was insufficient.

The new definition limits the classification to bridges where one of the key structural elements—the deck, superstructure, substructure or culverts, are rated in poor or worse condition. During inspection, the conditions of a variety of bridge elements are rated on a scale of 0 (failed condition) to 9 (excellent condition). A rating of 4 is considered “poor” condition.

Cost estimates have been derived by ARTBA, based on 2017 average bridge replacement costs for structures on and off the National Highway System, published by FHWA. Bridge rehabilitation costs are estimated to be 68 percent of replacement costs. A bridge is considered to need repair if the structure has identified repairs as part of the NBI, a cost estimate is supplied by the bridge owner or the bridge is classified as structurally deficient.

Bridges are classified by FHWA into types based on the functional classification of the roadway on the bridge. Interstates comprise routes officially designated by the Secretary of Transportation. Other principal arterials serve major centers of urban areas or provide mobility through rural areas. Freeways and expressways have directional lanes generally separated by a physical barrier, and access/egress points generally limited to on- and off-ramps. Minor arterials serve smaller areas and are used for trips of moderate length. Collectors funnel traffic from local roads to the arterial network; major collectors have higher speed limits and traffic volumes and are longer in length and spaced at greater intervals, while minor collectors are shorter and provide service to smaller communities. Local roads do not carry through traffic and are intended for short distance travel.

39
from 34 in 2017

in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridges

1. Rhode Island 23.1%
38. Minnesota 5%
39. Virginia 4.6%
40. Washington 4.6%

25
from 22 in 2017

in the nation in # of structurally deficient bridges

1. Iowa 4,675
24. Minnesota 668
25. Virginia 646
26. Arkansas 588
Full State Ranking

  • Source: Bridge data is from the 2018 National Bridge Inventory ASCII files, released by the Federal Highway Administration on March 14, 2019. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work. ARTBA is a non-partisan federation whose primary goal is to aggressively grow and protect transportation infrastructure investment to meet the public and business demand for safe and efficient travel.
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