National Bridge Inventory: Virginia

  • Of the 13,997 bridges in the state, 530, or 3.8 percent, are classified as structurally deficient. This means one of the key elements is in poor or worse condition.
  • This is down from 773 bridges classified as structurally deficient in 2017.
  • The deck area of structurally deficient bridges accounts for 3.5 percent of total deck area on all structures.
  • 16 of the structurally deficient bridges are on the Interstate Highway System. A total of 85.3 percent of the structurally deficient bridges are not on the National Highway System, which includes the Interstate and other key roads linking major airports, ports, rail and truck terminals.
  • 1,158 bridges are posted for load, which may restrict the size and weight of vehicles crossing the structure.
  • The state has identified needed repairs on 6,359 bridges at an estimated cost of $11.4 billion.
  • This compares to 6,666 bridges that needed work in 2017.

County Year Built Daily Crossings Type of Bridge Location
Chesterfield 1958 111,000 Urban Interstate I-95 over Rte 608 (Reymet Rd)
Henrico 1974 84,000 Urban Interstate Route 0195 over Rte 197 & CSX Transp. RR
Alexandria 1969 55,619 Urban other principal arterial Duke Street over Route I-395
Fairfax 1980 53,529 Urban other principal arterial Centreville Road over Bull Run
Hampton 1957 43,952 Urban Interstate IS 64 WBL S Appr over Hampton Roads
Alexandria 1970 42,587 Urban other principal arterial King Street over Route I-395; Ramps C&G
Charlottesville 1954 40,305 Urban freeway/expressway Route 250 Bypass over Norfolk Southern Railway
Charlottesville 1970 40,305 Urban freeway/expressway Route 0250 over Rugby Ave
Newport News 1960 38,042 Urban other principal arterial Fort Eustis Blvd. over N.N. Resevoir
Petersburg 1962 37,928 Rural Interstate SBl I-95 over Rtes 301 & EB 460
Rockingham 1960 31,000 Urban other principal arterial Route 33 WBL over I-81
Rockingham 1960 31,000 Urban other principal arterial Route 33 EBL over I-81
Fairfax 1964 30,921 Urban other principal arterial Lee Jackson Mem Hy over I-66 (Ramp B)
Stafford 1971 30,163 Urban minor arterial Route 03 over CSX Railroad
Stafford 1943 28,059 Urban other principal arterial Route 01 over Rappahannock River @
Fredericksburg 1945 28,000 Urban other principal arterial Jeff. Davis Bypass over Old Rappahannock Canal
Virginia Beach 1938 27,384 Urban other principal arterial Laskin Road over Linkhorn Bay
Fairfax 1961 27,346 Urban minor arterial NBL Reston Pkwy over Rte.267 & Dulles Acc.Rd.
Richmond 1958 27,000 Urban Interstate Ramp to 5th & 95S over Route I-95
Henrico 1967 26,388 Urban other principal arterial Parham Road over CSX Railway
Montgomery 1964 26,000 Rural Interstate Route 81 SBL over Rte 8
Henrico 1964 25,233 Urban Interstate WBL I-64 over Airport Drive (156)
Richmond 1943 25,000 Urban other principal arterial North Boulevard over CSX Railway
Richmond 1958 25,000 Urban other principal arterial Broad Street over I-95
Charlottesville 1970 23,962 Urban other principal arterial Route 0250 over Rte 29 Business
Type of Bridge Number of Bridges Area of All Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on All Bridges Number of Structurally Deficient Bridges Area of Structurally Deficient Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on Structurally Deficient Bridges
Rural Interstate 876 925,699 24,237,460 9 15,921 177,794
Rural arterial 795 1,300,115 7,240,676 22 73,187 135,038
Rural minor arterial 876 577,505 3,996,343 26 14,852 103,045
Rural major collector 1,642 568,814 2,633,332 62 17,627 101,193
Rural minor collector 1,082 254,442 687,760 35 6,923 14,192
Rural local road 4,387 752,829 2,012,880 222 26,032 54,545
Urban Interstate 875 1,994,841 42,161,290 7 54,278 311,825
Urban freeway/expressway 432 717,894 10,698,158 3 3,572 98,724
Urban other principal arterial 758 1,473,799 17,102,030 37 61,146 784,210
Urban minor arterial 1,310 1,141,258 14,011,267 66 66,250 482,089
Urban collector 435 242,541 2,164,912 23 14,036 81,495
Urban local road 529 314,516 2,421,093 18 6,886 40,396
Total 13,997 10,264,254 129,367,201 530 360,711 2,384,546
Type of Work Number of Bridges Cost to Repair
(in millions)
Daily Crossings Area of Bridges
(sq. meters)
Bridge replacement 1,645 $3,732 9,442,131 1,170,215
Widening & rehabilitation 494 $1,449 5,123,129 683,385
Rehabilitation 3,001 $4,377 39,898,763 1,995,960
Deck rehabilitation/replacement 71 $195 1,264,111 88,870
Other structural work 1,148 $1,622 9,070,980 721,042
Total 6,359 $11,375 64,799,114 4,659,471

About the data:

Data is from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), downloaded on January 3, 2022. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections. Cost estimates were downloaded by ARTBA on January 3, 2022.

Effective January 1, 2018, FHWA changed the definition of structurally deficient as part of the final rule on highway and bridge performance measures, published May 20, 2017 pursuant to the 2012 federal aid highway bill Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). Two measures that were previously used to classify bridges as structurally deficient are no longer used. This includes bridges where the overall structural evaluation was rated in poor or worse condition, or where the adequacy of waterway openings was insufficient.

The new definition limits the classification to bridges where one of the key structural elements—the deck, superstructure, substructure or culverts, are rated in poor or worse condition. During inspection, the conditions of a variety of bridge elements are rated on a scale of 0 (failed condition) to 9 (excellent condition). A rating of 4 is considered “poor” condition.

Cost estimates have been derived by ARTBA, based on 2020 average bridge replacement costs for structures on and off the National Highway System, published by FHWA. Bridge rehabilitation costs are estimated to be 68 percent of replacement costs. A bridge is considered to need repair if the structure has identified repairs as part of the NBI, a repair cost estimate is supplied by the bridge owner or the bridge is classified as structurally deficient. Please note that for a few states, the number of bridges needing to be repaired can vary significantly from year to year, and reflects the data entered by the state.

Bridges are classified by FHWA into types based on the functional classification of the roadway on the bridge. Interstates comprise routes officially designated by the Secretary of Transportation. Other principal arterials serve major centers of urban areas or provide mobility through rural areas. Freeways and expressways have directional lanes generally separated by a physical barrier, and access/egress points generally limited to on- and off-ramps. Minor arterials serve smaller areas and are used for trips of moderate length. Collectors funnel traffic from local roads to the arterial network; major collectors have higher speed limits and traffic volumes and are longer in length and spaced at greater intervals, while minor collectors are shorter and provide service to smaller communities. Local roads do not carry through traffic and are intended for short distance travel.

Compared to 39 in 2020

in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridges

1. West Virginia 20.4%
41. Tennessee 4.1%
42. Virginia 3.8%
43. Alabama 3.6%

Compared to 25 in 2020

in the nation in # of structurally deficient bridges

1. Iowa 4,504
24. Alabama 586
25. Virginia 530
26. South Carolina 499

Compared to 36 in 2020

in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridge deck area

1. Rhode Island 19.5%
36. Wisconsin 3.7%
37. Virginia 3.5%
38. Idaho 3.4%
Full State Ranking


  • Source: Data is from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), downloaded on January 3, 2022. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections.

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