National Bridge Inventory: Virginia

  • Of the 13,933 bridges in the state, 607, or 4.4 percent, are classified as structurally deficient. This means one of the key elements is in poor or worse condition.
  • This is down from 998 bridges classified as structurally deficient in 2015.
  • The deck area of structurally deficient bridges accounts for 3.7 percent of total deck area on all structures.
  • 29 of the structurally deficient bridges are on the Interstate Highway System.
  • 1,006 bridges are posted for load, which may restrict the size and weight of vehicles crossing the structure.
  • The state has identified needed repairs on 6,455 bridges at an estimated cost of $11.8 billion.
  • This compares to 6,729 bridges that needed work in 2015.

County Year Built Daily Crossings Type of Bridge Location
Henrico 1968 121,000 Urban minor arterial Nine Mile Road over I-64
Chesterfield 1958 96,904 Urban Interstate I-95 over Rte 608 (Reymet Rd)
Arlington 1965 96,888 Urban Interstate Custis Mem. Hwy. over Rmps B & F
Hampton 1957 96,040 Urban Interstate IS 64 EBL & WBL over N Armistead Ave
Henrico 1974 83,000 Urban Interstate Route 0195 over Rte 197 & CSX Transp. RR
Stafford 1963 72,560 Urban Interstate NBL Rte. I-95 over Rte. 17
Stafford 1963 70,840 Urban Interstate SBl Rte. I-95 over Rte. 17
Alexandria 1969 61,556 Urban other principal arterial Duke Street over Route I-395
Accomack 1932 60,300 Urban local road Memorial Avenue over Gwmp (NB) & Potomac Rive
Charlottesville 1970 59,708 Urban other principal arterial Route 0250 over Rte 29 Business
Fairfax 1980 53,543 Urban other principal arterial Centreville Road over Bull Run
Alexandria 1970 46,999 Urban other principal arterial King Street over Route I-395; Ramps C&G
Fairfax 1964 43,600 Urban Interstate I-66 (Ramp F) over Difficult Run
Hampton 1957 42,308 Urban Interstate IS 64 WBL S Appr over Hampton Roads
Frederick 1964 41,358 Urban other principal arterial Millwood Pike over I-81
Newport News 1960 38,042 Urban other principal arterial Fort Eustis Blvd. over N.N. Resevoir
Lynchburg 1959 35,000 Urban minor arterial Candlers Mtn Rd over Route 29 Business
Charlottesville 1954 33,712 Urban freeway/expressway Route 250 Bypass over Norfolk Southern Railway
Charlottesville 1970 33,712 Urban freeway/expressway Route 0250 over Rugby Ave
Fairfax 1964 30,921 Urban other principal arterial Lee Jackson Mem Hy over I-66 (Ramp B)
Stafford 1943 30,577 Urban other principal arterial Route 01 over Rappahannock River @
Norfolk 1952 30,502 Urban other principal arterial US 460 Alt WBL over City Hall Ave
Fairfax 1947 29,950 Urban other principal arterial Leesburg Pike WB over Sugarland Run
Fredericksburg 1945 29,010 Urban other principal arterial Jeff. Davis Bypass over Old Rappahannock Canal
Virginia Beach 1938 28,936 Urban other principal arterial Laskin Road over Linkhorn Bay
Type of Bridge Number of Bridges Area of All Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on All Bridges Number of Structurally Deficient Bridges Area of Structurally Deficient Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on Structurally Deficient Bridges
Rural Interstate 879 924,688 22,729,135 14 17,900 259,599
Rural arterial 773 1,276,778 6,535,279 26 26,581 203,228
Rural minor arterial 897 640,103 3,920,739 37 32,957 182,593
Rural major collector 1,645 570,240 2,663,415 72 22,358 130,963
Rural minor collector 1,078 252,369 707,281 37 7,087 19,795
Rural local road 4,388 757,227 1,950,715 249 31,027 58,565
Urban Interstate 868 2,005,422 40,847,150 15 63,012 715,910
Urban freeway/expressway 428 709,016 10,160,577 4 3,632 102,797
Urban other principal arterial 755 1,439,565 16,939,188 43 65,776 987,519
Urban minor arterial 1,298 1,113,974 13,874,468 69 67,073 639,447
Urban collector 429 235,476 2,006,732 25 11,479 68,293
Urban local road 495 275,179 1,990,614 16 25,042 91,893
Total 13,933 10,200,036 124,325,293 607 373,924 3,460,602
Type of Work Number of Bridges Cost to Repair
(in millions)
Daily Crossings Area of Bridges
(sq. meters)
Bridge replacement 1,707 $3,841 9,573,423 1,175,276
Widening & rehabilitation 497 $1,587 4,941,441 723,071
Rehabilitation 3,036 $4,546 39,840,128 2,031,001
Deck rehabilitation/replacement 71 $199 1,264,827 88,748
Other structural work 1,144 $1,628 8,322,037 712,514
Total 6,455 $11,800 63,941,856 4,730,610

About the data:

Data is from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), released April 2, 2020. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections. Cost estimates were updated by ARTBA on April 14, 2020.

Effective January 1, 2018, FHWA changed the definition of structurally deficient as part of the final rule on highway and bridge performance measures, published May 20, 2017 pursuant to the 2012 federal aid highway bill Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). Two measures that were previously used to classify bridges as structurally deficient are no longer used. This includes bridges where the overall structural evaluation was rated in poor or worse condition, or where the adequacy of waterway openings was insufficient.

The new definition limits the classification to bridges where one of the key structural elements—the deck, superstructure, substructure or culverts, are rated in poor or worse condition. During inspection, the conditions of a variety of bridge elements are rated on a scale of 0 (failed condition) to 9 (excellent condition). A rating of 4 is considered “poor” condition.

Cost estimates have been derived by ARTBA, based on 2018 average bridge replacement costs for structures on and off the National Highway System, published by FHWA. Bridge rehabilitation costs are estimated to be 68 percent of replacement costs. A bridge is considered to need repair if the structure has identified repairs as part of the NBI, a repair cost estimate is supplied by the bridge owner or the bridge is classified as structurally deficient. Please note that for a few states, the number of bridges needing to be repaired can vary significantly from year to year, and reflects the data entered by the state.

Bridges are classified by FHWA into types based on the functional classification of the roadway on the bridge. Interstates comprise routes officially designated by the Secretary of Transportation. Other principal arterials serve major centers of urban areas or provide mobility through rural areas. Freeways and expressways have directional lanes generally separated by a physical barrier, and access/egress points generally limited to on- and off-ramps. Minor arterials serve smaller areas and are used for trips of moderate length. Collectors funnel traffic from local roads to the arterial network; major collectors have higher speed limits and traffic volumes and are longer in length and spaced at greater intervals, while minor collectors are shorter and provide service to smaller communities. Local roads do not carry through traffic and are intended for short distance travel.

Compared to 39 in 2018

in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridges

1. Rhode Island 22.3%
41. Tennessee 4.4%
42. Virginia 4.4%
43. District of Columbia 4.1%

Compared to 25 in 2018

in the nation in # of structurally deficient bridges

1. Iowa 4,575
25. Arkansas 626
26. Virginia 607
27. New Jersey 529

Compared to 36 in 2018

in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridge deck area

1. Rhode Island 23.0%
38. Indiana 4.0%
39. Virginia 4.0%
40. Ohio 4.0%
Full State Ranking

  • Source: Data is from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), released April 2, 2020. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections. ARTBA is a non-partisan federation whose primary goal is to aggressively grow and protect transportation infrastructure investment to meet the public and business demand for safe and efficient travel.
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