National Bridge Inventory: Virginia
- Of the 13,933 bridges in the state, 607, or 4.4 percent, are classified as structurally deficient. This means one of the key elements is in poor or worse condition.
- This is down from 998 bridges classified as structurally deficient in 2015.
- The deck area of structurally deficient bridges accounts for 3.7 percent of total deck area on all structures.
- 29 of the structurally deficient bridges are on the Interstate Highway System.
- 1,006 bridges are posted for load, which may restrict the size and weight of vehicles crossing the structure.
- The state has identified needed repairs on 6,455 bridges at an estimated cost of $11.8 billion.
- This compares to 6,729 bridges that needed work in 2015.
|County||Year Built||Daily Crossings||Type of Bridge||Location|
|Henrico||1968||121,000||Urban minor arterial||Nine Mile Road over I-64|
|Chesterfield||1958||96,904||Urban Interstate||I-95 over Rte 608 (Reymet Rd)|
|Arlington||1965||96,888||Urban Interstate||Custis Mem. Hwy. over Rmps B & F|
|Hampton||1957||96,040||Urban Interstate||IS 64 EBL & WBL over N Armistead Ave|
|Henrico||1974||83,000||Urban Interstate||Route 0195 over Rte 197 & CSX Transp. RR|
|Stafford||1963||72,560||Urban Interstate||NBL Rte. I-95 over Rte. 17|
|Stafford||1963||70,840||Urban Interstate||SBl Rte. I-95 over Rte. 17|
|Alexandria||1969||61,556||Urban other principal arterial||Duke Street over Route I-395|
|Accomack||1932||60,300||Urban local road||Memorial Avenue over Gwmp (NB) & Potomac Rive|
|Charlottesville||1970||59,708||Urban other principal arterial||Route 0250 over Rte 29 Business|
|Fairfax||1980||53,543||Urban other principal arterial||Centreville Road over Bull Run|
|Alexandria||1970||46,999||Urban other principal arterial||King Street over Route I-395; Ramps C&G|
|Fairfax||1964||43,600||Urban Interstate||I-66 (Ramp F) over Difficult Run|
|Hampton||1957||42,308||Urban Interstate||IS 64 WBL S Appr over Hampton Roads|
|Frederick||1964||41,358||Urban other principal arterial||Millwood Pike over I-81|
|Newport News||1960||38,042||Urban other principal arterial||Fort Eustis Blvd. over N.N. Resevoir|
|Lynchburg||1959||35,000||Urban minor arterial||Candlers Mtn Rd over Route 29 Business|
|Charlottesville||1954||33,712||Urban freeway/expressway||Route 250 Bypass over Norfolk Southern Railway|
|Charlottesville||1970||33,712||Urban freeway/expressway||Route 0250 over Rugby Ave|
|Fairfax||1964||30,921||Urban other principal arterial||Lee Jackson Mem Hy over I-66 (Ramp B)|
|Stafford||1943||30,577||Urban other principal arterial||Route 01 over Rappahannock River @|
|Norfolk||1952||30,502||Urban other principal arterial||US 460 Alt WBL over City Hall Ave|
|Fairfax||1947||29,950||Urban other principal arterial||Leesburg Pike WB over Sugarland Run|
|Fredericksburg||1945||29,010||Urban other principal arterial||Jeff. Davis Bypass over Old Rappahannock Canal|
|Virginia Beach||1938||28,936||Urban other principal arterial||Laskin Road over Linkhorn Bay|
|Type of Bridge||Number of Bridges||Area of All Bridges
|Daily Crossings on All Bridges||Number of Structurally Deficient Bridges||Area of Structurally Deficient Bridges
|Daily Crossings on Structurally Deficient Bridges|
|Rural minor arterial||897||640,103||3,920,739||37||32,957||182,593|
|Rural major collector||1,645||570,240||2,663,415||72||22,358||130,963|
|Rural minor collector||1,078||252,369||707,281||37||7,087||19,795|
|Rural local road||4,388||757,227||1,950,715||249||31,027||58,565|
|Urban other principal arterial||755||1,439,565||16,939,188||43||65,776||987,519|
|Urban minor arterial||1,298||1,113,974||13,874,468||69||67,073||639,447|
|Urban local road||495||275,179||1,990,614||16||25,042||91,893|
|Type of Work||Number of Bridges||Cost to Repair
|Daily Crossings||Area of Bridges
|Widening & rehabilitation||497||$1,587||4,941,441||723,071|
|Other structural work||1,144||$1,628||8,322,037||712,514|
About the data:
Data is from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), released April 2, 2020. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections. Cost estimates were updated by ARTBA on April 14, 2020.
Effective January 1, 2018, FHWA changed the definition of structurally deficient as part of the final rule on highway and bridge performance measures, published May 20, 2017 pursuant to the 2012 federal aid highway bill Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). Two measures that were previously used to classify bridges as structurally deficient are no longer used. This includes bridges where the overall structural evaluation was rated in poor or worse condition, or where the adequacy of waterway openings was insufficient.
The new definition limits the classification to bridges where one of the key structural elements—the deck, superstructure, substructure or culverts, are rated in poor or worse condition. During inspection, the conditions of a variety of bridge elements are rated on a scale of 0 (failed condition) to 9 (excellent condition). A rating of 4 is considered “poor” condition.
Cost estimates have been derived by ARTBA, based on 2018 average bridge replacement costs for structures on and off the National Highway System, published by FHWA. Bridge rehabilitation costs are estimated to be 68 percent of replacement costs. A bridge is considered to need repair if the structure has identified repairs as part of the NBI, a repair cost estimate is supplied by the bridge owner or the bridge is classified as structurally deficient. Please note that for a few states, the number of bridges needing to be repaired can vary significantly from year to year, and reflects the data entered by the state.
Bridges are classified by FHWA into types based on the functional classification of the roadway on the bridge. Interstates comprise routes officially designated by the Secretary of Transportation. Other principal arterials serve major centers of urban areas or provide mobility through rural areas. Freeways and expressways have directional lanes generally separated by a physical barrier, and access/egress points generally limited to on- and off-ramps. Minor arterials serve smaller areas and are used for trips of moderate length. Collectors funnel traffic from local roads to the arterial network; major collectors have higher speed limits and traffic volumes and are longer in length and spaced at greater intervals, while minor collectors are shorter and provide service to smaller communities. Local roads do not carry through traffic and are intended for short distance travel.
Compared to 39 in 2018
in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridges
Compared to 25 in 2018
in the nation in # of structurally deficient bridges
Compared to 36 in 2018
in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridge deck area