National Bridge Inventory: West Virginia



  • Of the 7,269 bridges in the state, 1,444, or 19.9 percent, are classified as structurally deficient. This means one of the key elements is in poor or worse condition.
  • This is up from 922 bridges classified as structurally deficient in 2014.
  • 88 of the structurally deficient bridges are on the Interstate Highway System.
  • 871 bridges are posted for load, which may restrict the size and weight of vehicles crossing the structure.
  • The state has identified needed repairs on 3,637 bridges at an estimated cost of $2.0 billion.
  • This compares to 3,421 bridges that needed work in 2014.

County Year Built Daily Crossings Type of Bridge Location
Monongalia 1970 203,758 Rural Interstate Interstate 79 SB over I-68 Eastbound On-Ramp
Kanawha 1974 86,757 Urban Interstate I-64 WBL & EBL over Cr 61/12
Kanawha 1974 58,619 Urban Interstate I-77 NB & SB over Westmoreland Road
Kanawha 1974 58,619 Urban Interstate I-77 NB & SB over Garrison Avenue
Ohio 1968 49,381 Urban Interstate Interstate 70 over Middle Creek & Cr 39
Harrison 1974 46,750 Urban other principal arterial US Route 50 over Interstate 79
Kanawha 1974 45,000 Urban Interstate I-77 NB & SB over Cora Street
Harrison 1977 43,800 Urban other principal arterial US Route 50 over WV 20 & WV 20 Conn.
Ohio 1970 39,891 Urban Interstate Interstate 70 West over US 40
Kanawha 1981 36,375 Rural Interstate I-77 over Route 94 and Lens Creek
Harrison 1977 32,000 Urban other principal arterial US Route 50 over CSX Railbed
Putnam 1959 29,797 Urban Interstate I-64 EB over Cr 33/5
Putnam 1959 27,836 Urban Interstate I 64 WB over Cr 29 & Rocky Step Run
Berkeley 1965 25,802 Urban Interstate I 81 X over Cr 51/5 and Mill Creek
Berkeley 1965 25,802 Urban Interstate I 81 X over Cr 51/5 and Mill Creek
Monongalia 1967 25,325 Rural Interstate Interstate 79 SB over Mon. Co. Rt. 77
Kanawha 1954 24,895 Urban Interstate I-77 Belle Ramps over US 60 EB & WB
Cabell 1959 24,756 Urban Interstate I 64 WB over Guyandotte R, Cr60/52&26
Cabell 1958 24,755 Urban Interstate I 64 over County Route 60/89
Cabell 1958 24,755 Urban Interstate I 64 over County Route 60/89
Ohio 1968 24,691 Urban Interstate Interstate 70 over Middle Creek & Cr39
Cabell 1959 24,648 Urban Interstate I 64 EB over Interstate 64 EBl
Marshall 1943 24,379 Urban other principal arterial West Virginia 2 over Little Grave Creek
Ohio 1966 23,223 Urban Interstate Interstate 70 WB over Wheeling Creek & City St
Ohio 1965 23,223 Urban Interstate Interstate 70 EB over Big Wheeling Creek
Type of Bridge Number of Bridges Area of All Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on All Bridges Number of Structurally Deficient Bridges Area of Structurally Deficient Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on Structurally Deficient Bridges
Rural Interstate 401 476,475 5,671,980 43 45,673 804,450
Rural arterial 437 709,292 2,823,974 64 73,496 420,382
Rural minor arterial 349 201,980 1,199,043 91 34,430 288,189
Rural major collector 1,483 439,072 2,336,660 333 73,307 479,663
Rural minor collector 495 90,132 315,602 87 12,804 40,747
Rural local road 2,998 420,023 692,327 611 61,756 113,657
Urban Interstate 250 591,697 6,535,636 45 86,804 1,081,823
Urban freeway/expressway 76 192,053 853,079 9 11,666 88,364
Urban other principal arterial 139 287,843 2,188,688 25 54,611 386,330
Urban minor arterial 210 226,476 1,883,819 53 47,654 456,136
Urban collector 143 77,468 576,313 24 18,397 119,460
Urban local road 288 99,232 394,657 59 12,231 58,225
Total 7,269 3,811,742 25,471,778 1,444 532,829 4,337,426
Type of Work Number of Bridges Cost to Repair
(in millions)
Daily Crossings Area of Bridges
(sq. meters)
Bridge replacement 2,033 $760 3,337,272 396,275
Widening & rehabilitation 251 $42 636,038 67,734
Rehabilitation 685 $484 3,639,104 567,855
Deck rehabilitation/replacement 578 $673 4,837,172 721,708
Other structural work 90 $88 313,861 89,223
Total 3,637 $2,047 12,763,447 1,842,795

About the data:

Data from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), released March 15, 2019. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections.

Effective January 1, 2018, FHWA changed the definition of structurally deficient as part of the final rule on highway and bridge performance measures, published May 20, 2017 pursuant to the 2012 federal aid highway bill Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). Two measures that were previously used to classify bridges as structurally deficient are no longer used. This includes bridges where the overall structural evaluation was rated in poor or worse condition, or where the adequacy of waterway openings was insufficient.

The new definition limits the classification to bridges where one of the key structural elements—the deck, superstructure, substructure or culverts, are rated in poor or worse condition. During inspection, the conditions of a variety of bridge elements are rated on a scale of 0 (failed condition) to 9 (excellent condition). A rating of 4 is considered “poor” condition.

Cost estimates have been derived by ARTBA, based on 2017 average bridge replacement costs for structures on and off the National Highway System, published by FHWA. Bridge rehabilitation costs are estimated to be 68 percent of replacement costs. A bridge is considered to need repair if the structure has identified repairs as part of the NBI, a cost estimate is supplied by the bridge owner or the bridge is classified as structurally deficient.

Bridges are classified by FHWA into types based on the functional classification of the roadway on the bridge. Interstates comprise routes officially designated by the Secretary of Transportation. Other principal arterials serve major centers of urban areas or provide mobility through rural areas. Freeways and expressways have directional lanes generally separated by a physical barrier, and access/egress points generally limited to on- and off-ramps. Minor arterials serve smaller areas and are used for trips of moderate length. Collectors funnel traffic from local roads to the arterial network; major collectors have higher speed limits and traffic volumes and are longer in length and spaced at greater intervals, while minor collectors are shorter and provide service to smaller communities. Local roads do not carry through traffic and are intended for short distance travel.

2
from 3 in 2017

in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridges

1. Rhode Island 23.1%
1. Rhode Island 23.1%
2. West Virginia 19.9%
3. Iowa 19.4%

12
from 15 in 2017

in the nation in # of structurally deficient bridges

1. Iowa 4,675
11. Ohio 1,518
12. West Virginia 1,444
13. Nebraska 1,358
Full State Ranking

  • Source: Bridge data is from the 2018 National Bridge Inventory ASCII files, released by the Federal Highway Administration on March 14, 2019. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work. ARTBA is a non-partisan federation whose primary goal is to aggressively grow and protect transportation infrastructure investment to meet the public and business demand for safe and efficient travel.
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