National Bridge Inventory: West Virginia



  • Of the 7,314 bridges in the state, 1,490, or 20.4 percent, are classified as structurally deficient. This means one of the key elements is in poor or worse condition.
  • This is up from 1,351 bridges classified as structurally deficient in 2017.
  • The deck area of structurally deficient bridges accounts for 14.8 percent of total deck area on all structures.
  • 86 of the structurally deficient bridges are on the Interstate Highway System. A total of 87.7 percent of the structurally deficient bridges are not on the National Highway System, which includes the Interstate and other key roads linking major airports, ports, rail and truck terminals.
  • 919 bridges are posted for load, which may restrict the size and weight of vehicles crossing the structure.
  • The state has identified needed repairs on 3,640 bridges at an estimated cost of $3.3 billion.
  • This compares to 3,618 bridges that needed work in 2017.

County Year Built Daily Crossings Type of Bridge Location
Kanawha 1965 68,700 Urban Interstate I-64 Ramp B over Wv25
Cabell 1985 68,515 Urban other principal arterial Wv 106 (Exit Ramp) over 32 Block, Guyandotte R
Cabell 1985 68,515 Urban other principal arterial Wv 106 (On Ramp) over Guyandotte River, WV 2T
Putnam 1959 64,400 Urban Interstate I-64 EB over Cr 33/5
Kanawha 1954 63,500 Urban Interstate I-77 Belle Ramps over US 60 EB & WB
Kanawha 1954 63,500 Urban Interstate I-77 Belle Ramps over Cr 60/29 and N&S RR
Harrison 1974 48,700 Urban other principal arterial US Route 50 over Interstate 79
Harrison 1955 44,200 Urban other principal arterial US Route 50 over Elk Creek, City Streets
Cabell 1959 42,325 Urban Interstate I 64 WB over Guyandotte R, Cr60/52&26
Cabell 1959 42,325 Urban Interstate I 64 EB over Guyandotte R, Cr60/52&26
Brooke 1984 34,200 Urban freeway/expressway US Route 22 over Ramp D, Railroad
Putnam 1959 32,200 Urban Interstate I 64 WB over Cr 29 & Rocky Step Run
Ohio 1968 30,400 Urban Interstate I-70 EB & WB over Ohio River/City Streets
Berkeley 1965 27,500 Urban Interstate I 81 X over Cr 51/5 and Mill Creek
Berkeley 1965 27,500 Urban Interstate I 81 X over Cr 51/5 and Mill Creek
Wood 1935 27,421 Urban other principal arterial West Virginia 14 over Little Kanawha River
Ohio 1966 27,010 Urban Interstate Interstate 70 EB over Wheeling Creek & City St
Ohio 1966 27,010 Urban Interstate Interstate 70 WB over Wheeling Creek & City St
Monongalia 1970 26,900 Rural Interstate Interstate 79 SB over I-68 Eastbound On-Ramp
Monongalia 1967 26,900 Rural Interstate Interstate 79 SB over Mon. Co. Rt. 77
Monongalia 1970 26,900 Rural Interstate Interstate 79 NB over I-68 Eastbound On-Ramp
Harrison 1977 25,900 Urban other principal arterial US Route 50 over US 19 & WV 20
Harrison 1977 25,425 Urban other principal arterial US Route 50 over CSX Railbed
Cabell 1958 24,755 Urban Interstate I 64 over County Route 60/89
Cabell 1958 24,755 Urban Interstate I 64 over County Route 60/89
Type of Bridge Number of Bridges Area of All Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on All Bridges Number of Structurally Deficient Bridges Area of Structurally Deficient Bridges
(sq. meters)
Daily Crossings on Structurally Deficient Bridges
Rural Interstate 398 474,541 5,855,150 45 48,276 682,073
Rural arterial 427 705,048 2,633,540 63 74,974 322,007
Rural minor arterial 353 204,590 1,157,064 88 31,119 283,898
Rural major collector 1,479 444,600 2,163,688 340 78,875 494,495
Rural minor collector 502 92,531 332,896 93 13,889 46,922
Rural local road 3,036 423,480 695,019 648 67,893 144,082
Urban Interstate 253 588,894 7,188,882 41 95,292 1,020,939
Urban freeway/expressway 78 193,135 847,902 12 27,442 134,379
Urban other principal arterial 151 304,768 2,284,673 25 56,646 516,398
Urban minor arterial 205 219,673 1,987,826 49 38,255 461,473
Urban collector 146 79,337 577,459 24 17,909 126,474
Urban local road 286 97,846 368,394 62 15,709 56,693
Total 7,314 3,828,442 26,092,493 1,490 566,278 4,289,833
Type of Work Number of Bridges Cost to Repair
(in millions)
Daily Crossings Area of Bridges
(sq. meters)
Bridge replacement 2,099 $999 3,732,005 422,856
Widening & rehabilitation 235 $100 459,740 62,074
Rehabilitation 681 $962 4,644,292 596,819
Deck rehabilitation/replacement 536 $1,088 4,407,632 674,612
Other structural work 89 $135 312,539 83,581
Total 3,640 $3,285 13,556,208 1,839,943

About the data:

Data is from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), downloaded on January 3, 2022. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections. Cost estimates were downloaded by ARTBA on January 3, 2022.

Effective January 1, 2018, FHWA changed the definition of structurally deficient as part of the final rule on highway and bridge performance measures, published May 20, 2017 pursuant to the 2012 federal aid highway bill Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). Two measures that were previously used to classify bridges as structurally deficient are no longer used. This includes bridges where the overall structural evaluation was rated in poor or worse condition, or where the adequacy of waterway openings was insufficient.

The new definition limits the classification to bridges where one of the key structural elements—the deck, superstructure, substructure or culverts, are rated in poor or worse condition. During inspection, the conditions of a variety of bridge elements are rated on a scale of 0 (failed condition) to 9 (excellent condition). A rating of 4 is considered “poor” condition.

Cost estimates have been derived by ARTBA, based on 2020 average bridge replacement costs for structures on and off the National Highway System, published by FHWA. Bridge rehabilitation costs are estimated to be 68 percent of replacement costs. A bridge is considered to need repair if the structure has identified repairs as part of the NBI, a repair cost estimate is supplied by the bridge owner or the bridge is classified as structurally deficient. Please note that for a few states, the number of bridges needing to be repaired can vary significantly from year to year, and reflects the data entered by the state.

Bridges are classified by FHWA into types based on the functional classification of the roadway on the bridge. Interstates comprise routes officially designated by the Secretary of Transportation. Other principal arterials serve major centers of urban areas or provide mobility through rural areas. Freeways and expressways have directional lanes generally separated by a physical barrier, and access/egress points generally limited to on- and off-ramps. Minor arterials serve smaller areas and are used for trips of moderate length. Collectors funnel traffic from local roads to the arterial network; major collectors have higher speed limits and traffic volumes and are longer in length and spaced at greater intervals, while minor collectors are shorter and provide service to smaller communities. Local roads do not carry through traffic and are intended for short distance travel.

1
Compared to 2 in 2020

in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridges

1. West Virginia 20.4%
2. Iowa 18.9%

9
Compared to 12 in 2020

in the nation in # of structurally deficient bridges

1. Iowa 4,504
8. California 1,493
9. West Virginia 1,490
10. Ohio 1,334

2
Compared to 2 in 2020

in the nation in % of structurally deficient bridge deck area

1. Rhode Island 19.5%
1. Rhode Island 19.5%
2. West Virginia 14.8%
3. Illinois 12.2%
Full State Ranking

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  • Source: Data is from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) National Bridge Inventory (NBI), downloaded on January 3, 2022. Note that specific conditions on bridges may have changed as a result of recent work or updated inspections.

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